HEADACHES AND MIGRAINES

Headache is pain in any region of the head.  Headaches may occur on one or both sides of the head, be isolated to a certain location, radiate across the head from one point, or have a vice like quality.  A headache may appear as a sharp pain, a throbbing sensation or a dull ache.

Your Headache symptoms can help your doctor determine its cause and the appropriate treatment.  Most headaches aren't the result of a serious illness, bu some may result from a life threatening condition requiring emergency care.

PRIMARY HEADACHES:  A primary headache is  caused by over activity of or problems with pain-sensitive structures in your head. 

The most common primary headaches are:  CLUSTER HEADACHES, MIGRAINES, MIGRAINE WITH AURA, TENSION HEADACHES, TRIGEMINAL AUTONOMIC CEPHALALGIA (TAC)

MIGRAINES are recurring they cause moderate to severe pain that is throbbing or pulsing.  The pain is often on one side of your head. You may also have other symptoms, such as nausea, and weakness.  you may be sensitive to light and sound.

What causes migraines:  Researchers believe that migraine has a genetic cause.  There are also a number of factors that can trigger a migraine, including.  Stress, Anxiety, Hormonal changes in women, Bright or flashing lights, Loud noises, Strong smells, Medicines, Too much or not enough sleep, Sudden changes in weather or environment  overexertion (too much physical activity), Tobacco, Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal, skipped meals, Medication overuse (taking medicine for migraines too often), Certain food and food additives. 

There are four different phases of migraines.  You may not always go through every phase each time you have a migraine.

  • Prodrome.  This phase starts up to 24 hours before you get the migraine.  You have early signs and symptom, such as food cravings, unexplained mood changes, uncontrollable yawning, fluid retention, and increased urination.

  • Aura.  If you have this phase, you might see flashing or bright lights or zig-zag lines. You may have muscle weakness or fell like you are being touched or grabbed. An Aura can happen just before or during a migraine.

  •  Headache.  A migraine usually starts gradually and then becomes more severe.  It typically causes throbbing or pulsing pain,which is often on one side of your head.  But sometimes you can have a migraine without a headache.  other migraine symptoms may include;  Increased sensitivity to light, noise, and odors nausea and vomiting, worsened pain when you move, cough, or sneeze

  • Postdrome (following the headache).  You may feel exhausted, weal, and confused after a migraine. This can last up to a day.

Migraines are more common in the morning; people often wake up with them.  Some people have migraines at predictable times, such as before menstruation or on weekends following a stressful week of work.  There may be some lifestyle changes you can make to prevent migraines:  Stress management strategies, such as exercise, relaxation techniques.  Make a log of what seems to trigger your migraines.  You can learn what you need to avoid, such as certain  foods and medicines.  It also help you figure out what you should do, such as establishing a consent sleep schedule and eating regular meals. 

If you have frequent or sever migraines, you may need to take medicines to prevent further attacks.  Talk with your health care provider about your symptoms to see which care is right for you.